Xenodermichthys copei

Common Name

Bluntsnout Smoothhead

Year Described

Gill, 1884


Dorsal Fin: 27-31
Anal Fin: 26-30
Pectoral Fin: 7-8
Pelvic Fin: 6
Gill Rakers: 23-27 (total in first arch)
Pyloric Caeca: 4-7
Vertebrae: 16-19 precaudal, 30-32 caudal

Body moderately elongate and deep-bodied, with a large head. Eye diameter greater than snout length. Snout blunt with a steep forehead. Premaxilla and dentary with tiny teeth. Rear margin of jaw extends below middle of orbit. A single supramaxilla above maxilla. Dorsal fin origin directly over anal fin origin (fins the same size). Pectoral and pelvic fins small. Scales absent. Photophores are present as scattered nodules on body.


Uniformly blackish.


Maximum size to 17cm SL.


Mesopelagic over continental slopes from 100-1,000m.


Off the eastern U.S., Bermuda, and the Gulf of Mexico. Also eastern to southeastern Brazil.


Costa, P.A.S., Braga, A.C., Melo, M.R.S., Nunan, G.W.A., Martins, A.S., & Olavo, G. 2007. Assembleias de teleósteos demersais no talude da costa central brasileira. p. 87–107. In: Costa, P.A.S.; Olavo, G.; Martins, A.S. (eds.). Biodiversidade da fauna marinha profunda na costa central brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional (Série Livros 24).

McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin. i-viii + 1-1112.

Whitehead, P.J.P. , M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J.G. Nielsen and E. Tortonese. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. I-III. UNESCO. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. http://species-identification.org.