Anoplogaster cornuta

Common Name


Year Described

Valenciennes, 1833


Dorsal Fin: 16-20
Anal Fin: 7-9
Pelvic Fin: 7
Pectoral Fin: 13-16
Vertebrae: 28

Body stout, compressed and deep with a huge head. Eyes small in adults but proportionally larger in juveniles. Mouth large and oblique, with very large fang-like teeth on dentary and premaxilla (juveniles with villiform teeth). Vomer and palatine without teeth. Conspicuous ridges on head around sensory canals. Dorsal fin single, without spines. Caudal fin emarginate. Scales small and raised. Lateral line an open canal. No ventral scutes. Juveniles with very long parietal and preopercular spines (up to 31% SL in 19mm specimens and up to 9% SL in 57mm specimens). Spines disappear in adults.


Body entirely dark brown to black.


Maximum size to 160mm SL.


Mesopelagic to bathypelagic from 75-5,000m. An active predator.


Ranges widely from Canada to Argentina.


Moore, J.A. 2002. Anoplogastridae. In: FAO Species Identification Guide to Fishes of the Western Atlantic. (ed. Carpenter K), pp. 1178-1179. UN FAO Publishers, Rome.

Other Notes

Adults of A. brachycera have not been described/diagnosed, and many A. cornuta specimens in collections may be the former species.