Barathronus multidens

Common Name

Many-fanged Blindfish

Year Described

Nielsen, 1984

Identification

Dorsal Fin: 72-75
Anal Fin: 63-65
Pectoral Fin: 23-24
Pelvic Fin: 1
Caudal Fin: 10
Gill Rakers: 23-24
Vertebrae: 77-79(32-33 precaudal)

Elongate and translucent, with loose gelatinous skin. Head broader than body. Eyes not visible. 11 fangs on vomer and 8-11 fangs on dentary. No ventral flexure on anterior vertebral column. No lobes at the base of penis. One pseudobranchial filament. Body scaleless. Dorsal and anal fins continuous with caudal fin.

Color

Body pale with translucent skin, with internal organs and bone structure visible. A few small brown spots on body. Peritoneum unpigmented.

Size

Known sizes range from 72-83mm SL.

Habitat

Benthic at abyssal depths (3610-4279m)

Range

Known from 2 specimens caught well off the southeastern coast of the U.S. and off northwestern Africa.

References

Nielsen, J. G. 1984. Two new, abyssal Barathronus spp. from the North Atlantic (Pisces: Aphyonidae). Copeia 1984 (no. 3): 579-584.

Nielsen, J. G., Mincarone, M. M., & F. Di Dario. 2015. A new deep-sea species of Barathronus Goode & Bean from Brazil, with notes on Barathronus bicolor Goode & Bean (Ophidiiformes: Aphyonidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 13(1), 53-60.