Barathronus unicolor

Common Name

Plain Blindfish

Year Described

Nielsen, 1984

Identification

Dorsal Fin: 63-78
Anal Fin: 55-71
Pectoral Fin: 23-25
Pelvic Fin: 1
Caudal Fin: 10
Gill Rakers: 26-29
Vertebrae: 78-86 (35-38 precaudal)

Elongate and translucent, with loose gelatinous skin. Head large and broader than body. Eyes not apparent. 1-4 fangs on vomer and 1-7 fangs on dentary. Anterior part of vertebral column with distinctive ventral flexure. Two lobes at the base of penis. Two pseudobranchial filaments. Body scaleless with 11-13 lateral pores. Dorsal and anal fins continuous with caudal fin.

Color

Body pale with internal organs and bone structure visible through translucent skin. Peritoneum not pigmented darkly and mostly yellowish.

Size

Specimens range from 72-113mm SL.

Habitat

Benthic at abyssal depths (2931-3934).

Range

Known from 18 specimens in the northwestern Atlantic off the mid-Atlantic coast of the U.S. (around 38 degrees N, 70 degrees W).

References

Nielsen, J. G. 1984. Two new, abyssal Barathronus spp. from the North Atlantic (Pisces: Aphyonidae). Copeia 1984 (no. 3): 579-584.

Nielsen, J. G., Mincarone, M. M., & F. Di Dario. 2015. A new deep-sea species of Barathronus Goode & Bean from Brazil, with notes on Barathronus bicolor Goode & Bean (Ophidiiformes: Aphyonidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 13(1), 53-60.

Other Notes

The only other western Atlantic Barathronus with a flexure in the anterior vertebrae is B. linsi. This species can be distinguished by the number of vomerine fangs, the number of gill rakers, and the different shaped genitalia.