Meteoria erythrops

Common Name

Meteor Blindfish

Year Described

Nielsen, 1969

Identification

Dorsal Fin: 48-50
Anal Fin: 34
Pectoral Fin: 13-15
Pelvic Fin: absent
Caudal Fin: 8
Gill Rakers: 9 (poorly developed on first arch)
Vertebrae: 68-70 (39-41 precaudal)

Elongate and translucent, with loose gelatinous skin. Head large and flattened; only slightly broader than body. Snout squared off. Eyes tiny and dark but buried under the skin. Jaws, palatine, and vomer with small teeth but no fangs. Caudal region (post-anus) of the body very short (<30% SL). Pseudobranchs not developed. Body scaleless.

Color

Skins translucent with underlying tissue pale in color. The peritoneum and pectoral fin base is speckled with dark pigment. The area around the eyes is red-brown. The liver is brown.

Size

The only known adult is 63mm SL.

Habitat

Bentic at abyssal depths (4540-5320m).

Range

Known from 3 specimens in the central (35 degrees W) and eastern Atlantic.

References

Nielsen, J.G. 1969. Systematics and biology of the Aphyonidae (Pisces, Ophidioidea). Galathea Report v. 10: 7-90, Pls. 1-4.

Whitehead, P.J.P., M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J.G. Nielsen, and E. Tortonese. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. III. UNESCO. 1015-1473.