Sciadonus pedicellaris

Common Name

Armed Blindfish

Year Described

Garman, 1899

Identification

Dorsal Fin: 90-93
Anal Fin: 46
Pectoral Fin: 12-14
Pelvic Fin: 1
Caudal Fin: 6
Gill Rakers: 14
Vertebrae: 82 (43-44 precaudal)

Body elongate and slender. Head large and broader than body. The mouth is oblique and the lower jaw projects beyond the upper. Teeth present on premaxilla, dentary, and vomer. Fangs absent. Eyes are minute and degenerate. The ventral fins are very short. The pectoral fin base is extended as a limb-like pedicel. The dorsal and anal fins are continuous with the caudal fin, which is relatively long.

Color

Body pale translucent with darker pigment on the peritoneum and genitalia region.

Size

Known specimens range from 70-102mm.

Habitat

Benthic at bathyal to abyssal depths (1847-4880m).

Range

In the North Atlantic, known from one specimen on the Mid-Atlantic ridge.

References

Nielsen, J.G. 1969. Systematics and biology of the Aphyonidae (Pisces, Ophidioidea). Galathea Report v. 10: 7-90, Pls. 1-4.

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle, and C.R. Robins. 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18): 178p.

Other Notes

Sciadonus kullenbergi is a junior synonym of this species.