Psammobatis lentiginosa

Common Name

Freckle Sandskate

Year Described

McEachran, 1983


Disk round to heart-shaped with broad, rounded pectoral fins and a weakly concave anterior margin of disk (more concave in males). Snout short and soft with convex lateral edges. Conical snout tip slightly projects and sometimes has a filamentous tip. Skin rough in juveniles but becomes more smooth on center of pectoral fins in adults with larger denticles around the margins. Ventrum quite smooth. Multiple orbital thorns in a crescent shape around each orbit. Patches of scapular thorns. A few nuchal thorns on midline. A strong line of median thorns flanked by 1-3 more rows of thorns depending on age. Tail rather slender and up to 1.5 times disk length, with several rows of thorns. Caudal fin low but well developed. Dorsal fins are paired far back on tail, very close together, and very small. Pelvic fin with two portions separated with a distinct notch. Claspers large. Mouth narrow. Nasal flaps broad with fringes. Teeth are conical and sharp (35-49 in upper jaw).


Dorsum medium brown with numerous small black spots that form close-set rosettes. Tail speckled with black and faintly banded. Belly white.


Maximum size to 55cm TL.


Coastal waters from 30-170m. Benthic.


Southwestern Atlantic: S. Brazil to N. Argentina.


Last, P.R., White, W.T., Carvalho, M.R. de, Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W & Naylor, G.J.P (Eds.). 2016. Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Other Notes

This is the most strongly speckled of the other large Psammobatis species which tend to have larger blotches or no obvious pattern.