Brevoortia patronus

Common Name

Gulf Menhaden

Year Described

Goode, 1878


Dorsal Fin: 17-20
Anal Fin: 20-23
Pectoral Fin:
Pelvic Fin: 7
Vertebrae: 45-47
Lateral Line Scales: 42-48
Ventral Scutes: 29-31
Gill Rakers: 135-150 (lower limb first arch in adults)

Pelvic fin with a slightly rounded posterior margin. Innermost rays about the same length as outermost rays.


Maximum size to 27cm SL. Common under 20cm SL.


Gulf of Mexico: southwestern Florida to the Bay of Campeche.


McEachran, J.D. & J.D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin. i-viii + 1-1112.

Munroe, T.A. & M.S. Nizinski. 2002. Clupeidaeidae (pp 804-830). In: Carpenter. 2002. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae-Grammatidae). FAO Species Identification Guides for Fisheries Purposes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5.

Other Notes

This species is the sister species to the Atlantic coast B. tyrannus.