Clupea harengus

Common Name

Atlantic Herring

Year Described

Linnaeus, 1758


Dorsal Fin: 16-20
Anal Fin: 16-20
Pectoral Fin: 17-19
Pelvic Fin:
Vertebrae: 55-57
Scales: 56-62
Ventral Scutes: 39-46
Gill Rakers: 37-52


Body bright silvery with a dark blue or green back. Fresh specimens with an iridescent green, blue, and yellow sheen. Dorsal and caudal fins dusky to dark blue. Anal and pelvic fins pale. Pectoral fin dark basally.


Greenland to Cape Hatteras, but most common north of Cape Cod.


Hildebrand, S.F. 1964. Engraulidae and Clupeidae (pp. 152-454). In: Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Fnd. Mar. Res. 1 (Vol. 3): 1-630.