Clupea harengus

Common Name

Atlantic Herring

Year Described

Linnaeus, 1758

Identification

Dorsal Fin: 16-20
Anal Fin: 16-20
Pectoral Fin: 17-19
Pelvic Fin:
Vertebrae: 55-57
Scales: 56-62
Ventral Scutes: 39-46
Gill Rakers: 37-52

Color

Body bright silvery with a dark blue or green back. Fresh specimens with an iridescent green, blue, and yellow sheen. Dorsal and caudal fins dusky to dark blue. Anal and pelvic fins pale. Pectoral fin dark basally.

Range

Greenland to Cape Hatteras, but most common north of Cape Cod.

References

Hildebrand, S.F. 1964. Engraulidae and Clupeidae (pp. 152-454). In: Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Fnd. Mar. Res. 1 (Vol. 3): 1-630.