Hypanus americana

Common Name

Southern Stingray

Year Described

Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928


A short-snouted species of Dasyatis with a broad rhomboidal disk. Eyes and spiracle large. Tips of pectoral fins subangular (not rounded). Pre-orbital length much longer than distance between the spiracles, with slightly convex margins of snout. The dorsal surface has a line of medial and two scapular series of denticles. Median denticles continue down the tail to the caudal spine. Additional denticles on the head are often present. Ventral finflap much larger than dorsal, but both well developed. Tail long and whip-like with spine close to tail base. Pelvic fins protrude beyond pectorals.


Dorsum colored in variable shades of brown, from olive to yellowish. Underside white, often with black on the fin margins.


Maximum size to around 150cm DW.


Shallow continental waters (<100m) over sandy bottoms.


New Jersey to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.


Last, P. R., Naylor, G. J. P., & Manjaji-Matsumoto, B. M. 2016. A revised classification of the family Dasyatidae (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes) based on new morphological and molecular insights. Zootaxa, 4139 (3): 345-368.

Santos, H.R.S. and M.R. de Carvalho. 2004. Description of a new species of whiptailed stingray from the southwestern Atlantic Ocean (Chondrichthyes, Myliobatiformes, Dasyatidae). Boletim do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Nova Série. Zoologia No. 516: 1-24.

Other Notes

Moved from Dasyatis to Hypanus based on morpological and molecular data (Last et al., 2016).