Pomadasys ramosus

Common Name

Ramose Grunt

Year Described

Poey, 1860

Identification

Dorsal Fin: XIII, 11-13
Anal Fin: III, 6-7
Gill Rakers: 7-9 (lower limb of first arch)
Lateral Line Scales: 53-55

Body oblong and compressed with a convex profile and projecting snout. Eye relatively large. Mouth moderate (maxillary does not reach beyond anterior margin of eye). Soft dorsal and anal fins scaleless. Preopercle serrate. No notch between spiny and soft dorsal fin. Soft dorsal fin short and low. Second anal fin spine strong. The pectoral fins are relatively small.

Color

Body silvery, grading to whitish on the belly and dark gray dorsally. Juveniles with several faint bronze stripes. Lateral line black. Fins bronze to brown.

Size

Maximum size to 35cm TL.

Habitat

Coastal waters, estuaries, mangrove swamps, and the lower reaches of rivers. Found in turbid waters over soft bottoms.

Range

Southern Central America to Brazil

References

Bussing, W.A. 1998. Peces de las aguas continentales de Costa Rica [Freshwater Fishes of Costa Rica]. 2nd Ed. San José Costa Rica: Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica. 468 p.

Froese, R. & D. Pauly. Editors. 2013. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org

Other Notes

This species and P. crocro are frequently confused with each other. The limits of their ranges are not known, but specimens from Costa Rica are all identified as P. crocro (Bussing, 1998). P. ramosus may be restricted to South American waters.