Myxine sotoi

Common Name

Soto's Hagfish

Year Described

Mincarone, 2001


Slime Pores
Prebranchial: 28-38
Branchial: 0
Trunk: 61-73
Tail: 11-13
Total: 101-119

Anterior unicusps: 7-9
Posterior unicusps: 8-9
Total cusps: 38-44
Tooth formula: 2/2

Body anguilliform and cylindrical. There are normally six gill pouches. No branchial pores (present in Eptratretus). Ventral finfold higher anteriorly and lower posteriorly. Caudal finfold well developed.


Body pinkish-red with a whitish head. Ventral trunk, ventral finfold, caudal margin, pore margins, and mid-dorsal stripe white.


Maximum size to 52.2cm TL.


Taken on soft bottoms from 690-810m.


Known from off southern Brazil.


Mincarone, M. M. 2001. Myxine sotoi, a new species of hagfish (Agnatha, Myxinidae) from Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science v. 68 (no. 3): 479-483.

Mincarone, M. M. 2007. Revisao Taxonomica da Familia Myxinidae Rafinesque, 1814 (Myxiniformes). Tese de Doutorado, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Wisner, R. L. & McMillan, C. B. 1995. Review of new world hagfishes of the genus Myxine (Agnatha, Myxinidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Fishery Bulletin 93: 530-550.