Neobythites unicolor

Common Name

Plain Brotula

Year Described

Nielsen & Retzer, 1994


Dorsal Fin: 96-101
Anal Fin: 80-86
Pelvic Fin: 2
Pectoral Fin: 26-30
Caudal Fin: 8
Gill Rakers: 12-14 (only long rakers)
Pseudobranchial Filaments: 2-3
Vertebrae: 56-60

Body elongated and eel-like. Snout blunt. Jaw extends past posterior margin of orbit. Teeth present in jaws, on palatine, and on vomer. Antherior basibranchial tooth path narrow and long. Preopercular spine numbers 1. Spine on preopercle strong and sharp. Opercular spine strong. Dorsal and anal fins confluent with caudal fin. Pelvic fin reaches almost to the anus. Lateral line not obvious. Body scales cycloid.


Body uniformly brown with a dense sprinkling of dark melanophores on head, body, and median fins. No ocelli on either dorsal or anal fin.


Maximum size to 115mm SL


Occurs on the continental shelf and slope from 183-937m.


Southeastern Florida to the northern Caribbean and the northern Greater Antilles. Also off the Yucatan Peninsula to Honduras. A possible record in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico.


Nielsen, J. G. 1999. A review of the genus Neobythites (Pisces, Ophidiidae) in the Atlantic, with three new species. Bulletin of Marine Science v. 64 (no. 2): 335-372.