Arctozenus risso

Common Name

Spotted Barracudina

Year Described

Bonaparte, 1840


Dorsal Fin: 8-11
Anal Fin: 31-34
Pectoral Fin: 11-12
Pelvic Fin: 9
Lateral Line: 63-70
Vertebrae: 76-85 (81-85 in western Atlantic)

Prepelvic distance 66-70% SL. Pelvic fin origin behind dorsal fin origin. Two rows of teeth with ~25 canines. Palatine with 3-6 depressible, elongate canines and many tiny fixed teeth.


Body silvery with a darker dorsum. Many spots on the rear of the body. Base of anal fin with dark pigment.


Maximum size to 30cm SL.


Mesopelagic to epipelagic from 0-1000m.

Range Map

 Range Map


The subtropical and boreal north Atlantic, from Greenland to off the Carolinas. Also in the southern hemisphere in the subtropical convergence with strays to the Falklands.


Post, A. 1985. Paralepididae. In: Fischer, W. and Hureau, J-C. (Eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Southern Ocean (Fishing areas 48, 58 and 88). Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.

Rofen, R.R. In: Anderson, W.W., R.H. Gibbs, F.H. Berry, W.A. Gosline, J.E. Bohlke, N.B. Marshall, R.L. Bolin, G.W. Mead, J.W. Gehringer, R.R. Rofen, and N.J. Wilimovsky. 1966. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Part 5. Iniomi and Lyomeri. Memoir No. 1. Sears Foundation for Marine Research; Yale University, New Haven, CT. 647 pp., 220 plates.