Pempheris gasparinii

Common Name

Trindade Sweeper

Year Described

Pinheiro, Bernardi, & Rocha, 2016


Dorsal Fin: IV, 8-9
Anal Fin: III, 24-25
Pectoral Fin: 15
Pelvic Fin: I, 5
Lateral Line Scales: 51-54
Scale under lateral line: 10-11
Circumpeduncular scales: 11-12
Gill Rakers: 23-25 total
Vertebrae: 25 (10 + 15)

Body very deep and compressed. Eye very large. Mouth oblique and terminal; reaching to middle of orbit. Teeth present in both jaws, on palatine, and on vomer. Forehead relatively steep. Body profile at anal fin very steep. Caudal peduncle fairly long with a forked tail. Dorsal fin single and short-based. Pelvic fin very small. Pectoral fin with oblique base and pointed. Anal fin low and very long-based (over half of SL). Body and most of head fully scaled. Lateral line steeply sloped on the anterior end.


Body translucent silver with a dusky midbody stripe along lateral line and a green back.


Maximum size to 68mm SL


Found only in shallow waters around Trindade Island in rocky areas.


Endemic to Trindade Is., Brazil


Pinheiro H.T., Bernardi G., and L. A. Rocha. 2016. Pempheris gasparinii, a new species of sweeper fish from Trindade Island, southwestern Atlantic (Teleostei, Pempheridae). ZooKeys 561: 105-115.

Other Notes

This species is cited as differing by from Pempheris poeyi in having a higher lateral line scale count (51-54 vs. 47-49), scales below lateral line (10-11 vs 9), scales around caudal peduncle (11-12 vs 13), and caudal peduncle length (2.7-3.3 vs. 3.5-4.0 times in HL). It is also strongly disjunct in distribution and is genetically divergent from P. poeyi (Pinheiro et al., 2016).