Pontinus nematophthalmus

Common Name

Spinythroat Scorpionfish

Year Described

G√ľnther, 1860

Identification

Dorsal Fin: XII, 8.5-9.5
Anal Fin: III, 5
Pectoral Fin: 15-17 (usually 16)
Pelvic Fin: I, 5
Vertebrae:
Scale rows above lateral line: 42-47

Body deep (deepest at gill opening) with a huge head. Snout about equal to eye diameter. Supraorbital cirrus long and tapered. Dorsal profile convex. Ventral profile flattened. Eye and mouth large. Head with multiple strong ridges and short spines. Lacrimal bone with a pair of downward-pointed spines (point more posteriorly) and sometimes one small lateral spine. A strong cheek ridge is present (with 3 spines). Preopercle with a few small spines (second spine small or rarely missing). Hypohyals with an extended ventral process. Body covered in ctenoid scales. Lateral line complete. Spiny dorsal fin fairly high, with spines of similar length. Soft dorsal fin is truncate posteriorly. Pectoral fin fanlike, with the middle rays being the longest. Pectoral rays all unbranched. Caudal fin truncate.

Color

Body rosy red with several irregular darker bars. Fins with reddish spots along finrays.

Size

Maximum size to 13.2cm SL.

Habitat

Bottom dwelling from 86-402m.

Range

Scattered records from the Atlantic coast of Florida to Venezuela, including the Caribbean islands.

References

Poss, S.G. 2002. Scorpaenidae. In: FAO Species Identification Guide to Fishes of the Western Atlantic. (ed. Carpenter K), pp. 1232-1265. UN FAO Publishers, Rome.