Gonioplectrus hispanus

Common Name

Spanish Flag

Year Described

Cuvier, 1828


Dorsal Fin: VIII, 13
Anal Fin: III, 7
Pectoral Fin:
Pelvic Fin: I, 5
Gill Rakers:
Lateral Line Scales: 47-49
Vertebrae: 24 (10 precaudal, 14 caudal)


Body bright salmon-red to orange-red with six yellow stripes on the body. The topmost stripe runs anteriorly through the eye. The cheek has multiple yellow spots. Dorsal fin yellow with a few red stripes. Anal fin pale yellow with a large cherry red blotch. Caudal fin yellow with red upper borders. Pectoral fins reddish on the rays with clear membranes. Eye golden.


Maximum size to 30cm SL.


Found mostly on deep reefs and rocky areas from 35-460m.


Scattered records from the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, and south to Brazil.